Archive Record

  • Email This Page
  • Send Feedback
Title Map: Pendulum Station, Stevens Institute, Hoboken. Coast Survey Report 1876. (Published 1879.)
Object Name Map
Catalog Number 2013.001.0037
MULTIMEDIA LINKS CLICK HERE to view the PDF of the map and details; note - please be patient while file opens.

CLICK HERE to view the PDF of the full 1876 Report as published in 1879; note - please be patient while file opens.
Collection Hoboken Map & Guide Collection
Credit Museum Collections.
Scope & Content Map of gravity measurements: Pendulum Station, Stevens Institute, Hoboken. Coast Survey Report 1876. Plate 26a. (Published 1879.)

Issued by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.
Printed fold-out leaf, 10-1/2" wide x 11-1/4" high; received as removed from source publication

Source: Report of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey Showing the Progress of the Survey for the Fiscal Year Ending with June 1876. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1879.

Illustration to Appendix No. 15, Report for 1876; Measurements of Gravity at Initial Stations in America and Europe. Plate 26a was facing page 204. PDF of entire report on file.

===
The work at the Stevens Institute of Technology was done by Charles Sanders Peirce using a gravity pendulum. See notes.

Several enhanced detail images of Hoboken and Jersey City are shown; they have topographic detail as well as showing the development (or lack thereof) of the cities in 1876.

====
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey was a new name first used in 1878 for the United States Coastal Survey.

The map itself was not a navigational chart.
Notes The pendulum used for the Stevens survey was a Repsold Gravity Pendulum and is in the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History.
ID Number PH*314638
accession number208213
catalog number314638.

====

Excerpt below about Charles Sanders Pierce is from the Introduction to Volume 3, Pierce Edition Project:

http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/index.htm

Later in 1875 and in 1876, Peirce swung his new pendulum for extended periods in Paris, in Berlin, and at Kew; and after his return to the United States, at the Stevens Institute in Hoboken. The Coast Survey Report for the year 1876 (not published until 1879) contained 145 pages by Peirce on "Measurements of Gravity at Initial Stations in America and Europe," on the second page of which he said: "The value of gravity-determinations depends upon their being bound together, each with all the others which have been made anywhere upon the earth.... Geodesy is the one science the successful prosecution of which absolutely depends upon international solidarity."

(Making the Stevens Institute at Hoboken the "initial station" for the United States involved months of pendulum swinging there and, for that purpose as well as for readier access to Washington and other sites, Peirce took up residence in New York City. His wife Zina had her own commitments in Cambridge and Boston, and declined to accompany him. They were never reunited. By far the fullest and best account of her, and of Charles in his relations with her and with other members of her family, is Norma P. Atkinson's 1983 doctoral dissertation, "An Examination of the Life and Thought of Zina Fay Peirce, an American Reformer and Feminist.")

====

additional information about the work, equipment and process in:
Writings of Charles S. Peirce: 1879-1884

http://books.google.com/books?id=E7ZUnx3FqrcC&pg=PA79&lpg=PA79&dq=gravity+survey+1876+initial+stations&source=bl&ots=gPqe2TYVte&sig=ti1rgyQRSigYy7gAEHiRuuEKBtc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FnYrUtaYFbO64AOAsYGwBw&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=gravity%20survey%201876%20initial%20stations&f=false

====
Date 1876-1879
Year Range from 1879.0
Year Range to 1879.0
Search Terms Stevens Institute of Technology
Castle Point
Hudson River
Caption full plate (borders cropped): Pendulum Station, Stevens Institute, Hoboken
Imagefile 226\20130010037.TIF
Classification Geography
Sciences
Surveying
Government & Politics
Engineering