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Title Selected Scientific and Engineering Tables and Data. United States Testing Company, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. (1955)
Object Name Book
Catalog Number 2013.042.0100
Collection Hoboken Commerce Collection
Credit Gift of Bill Willard in tribute to United States Testing Co., Hoboken.
Scope & Content Selected Scientific and Engineering Tables and Data. United States Testing Company, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. (1955)

Softcover book, 8-1/2" wide x 10-3/4" high, 112 pp. plus covers; charts; tables; 17 photo illustrations. Cover title: Tables and Data.

Donor was Bill Willard, a long-time employee of the company at the Hoboken facility, 1415 Park Avenue. Page [1], title, has an artist's depiction of this building.

Each of the seventeen photo illustrations are captioned and show specific laboratories or test areas demonstrating range of company facilities and capabilities.

See notes for brief history, services offered, foreword, table of contents, list of illustrations and branch offices.
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Engineering
Business & Commerce
Sciences
Interiors
Exteriors
Buildings
Notes Archives 2013.042.0100

[inside front cover]

THE COMPANY

The United States Testing Company, Inc., first established in New York City in 1880, was moved to Hoboken in 1926, where its Executive Offices and Main Laboratories occupy a five-story and basement fireproof building.

Cities in which branches are maintained for general or specialized operations are Boston, Providence, Philadelphia, Wilmington, Chicago, Memphis, Dallas, Denver and Los Angeles. An office for information and service is maintained in New York City.

Practically every commodity and product is submitted to the Company for tests, by seller or buyer, manufacturer or user. Whatever the interest of the client submitting a problem, the Testing Company's impartial position remains the same. The Company's clients are from industry, commerce and government.

The following lists some of the fields covered in the general scope of United States Testing Company's services:

Commodities

Textiles — Leather — Paper — Plastics — Metals — Spices —Minerals — Rubber — Foodstuffs — Ceramics — Fats, Oils and Waxes — Chemicals

Equipment

Heating — Ventilating — Automotive — Aircraft Accessories — Air Conditioning — Refrigeration

Products

Chemicals — Drugs — Soaps and Detergents — Dyestuffs — Cosmetics — Floor Coverings — Paints, Varnishes and Coating Materials — Petroleum Products — Food Products — Beverages

Merchandise

Hardware — Clothing — Household Appliances — Sporting Goods — Furniture

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Specialized Fields

Acoustics — Bacteriology — Environmental Testing — Nondestructive Testing — Packaging and Shipping — Container Testing — Inspection and Grading Services — Engineering Inspection — Psychometrics

The demand for the Company's services follows several distinct patterns. Many firms which maintain their own excellent laboratories for highly specialized purposes refer to the Testing Company their problems in some different specialty. Other clients send the Company work which would temporarily overload their own technical staffs. In such cases, what is provided amounts to a temporary expansion of a client's own laboratory.

Still other clients use the Company as an impartial laboratory. United States Testing Company, Inc., has since its inception been acknowledged as an impartial arbiter of quality, based on scientific tests.

For purposes of merchandising and advertising, the Company's Certification Plan is a continuing means of identifying products of proven good quality. The plan comprises a quality control from raw materials to finished product, with continuing check tests of products bought in regular trade outlets.

The pressure of competition, changing markets, and a complex technology makes the need for research both constant and urgent. Some research needs can be handled by a single, highly specialized scientist, others by practical technologists and engineers, but many research problems require the efforts of a research team. These research problems, ranging from pure to purely practical, have been and are being solved by the broad technical staff of the United States Testing Company. Very few research organizations have such a wealth of diversified knowledge upon which to draw.

United States Testing Company, Inc., in its seventy-fifth year, is proud of its position as the most completely diversified independent laboratory in the world.

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[page 3]

Foreword

For three-quarters of a century our Company has served Commerce and Industry; the clients we have served now number many thousands.

To these clients—and to others that clients may show our reports—the Testing Company may seem to be one of several different institutions—to some, an agency of impartiality above the differences in opinion that may exist between buyer and seller; to others, a laboratory uniquely equipped and staffed for applied scientific research in all fields both old and new; to still others, an efficient technical workshop to which to assign problems of quality control of raw materials and finished products.

Yet, almost from our very beginning, in 1880, our Company has been known for still another service—compiling and distributing a booklet of useful tables of the types that are hard to find anywhere else within one cover. No one can remember when the first of these booklets was published by the Testing Company. Every copy that we have seen on the desks of our Company's friends in industry and business—and we have seen a great many—has shown signs of much use.

The many revisions of the booklet, over the years, have reflected the growth in the Testing Company's scope. First published when textile technology was in its infancy, the booklet of useful tables has always been a stand-by for dyers and textile mill men. Other industries and commercial groups have asked that we include material needed by them for frequent reference, and so the booklet has grown in its size and the breadth of its coverage.

So now the time has arrived for still another revision. Coinciding as it does with a significant anniversary for our Company, we offer this new edition of our useful tables and technical data to mark our seventy-fifth year of service.

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page [4]

Table of Contents

CLASSIFICATION AND TABLEPage

Chemical and Physical

1. A Short List of Important Chemical and Physical Definitions ............................. 7

2.Weights and Measures............................... 11

3.Decimal Equivalents—Inch—Millimeter Conversion Table ...............12

4.Conversion Tables or Equivalents............................................................13

5.Miscellaneous Conversion Tables............................................................15

6.Viscosity Comparison Chart........................................................................19

7.Specific Gravity Conversion Table........................................................ 21

8.Spectra Conversion Tables................................................................................ 23

9.Compositions and Constants of Fats and Oils........................ 28

Engineering

10. Wire and Sheet Metal Gages.................................................................... 33

11. Weights of Various Materials.................................................................... 34

12.Physical Properties of Metals........................................................................ 34

13.Hardness Scales ... .................. .................................................................. 35

14.Wire Table, Standard Annealed Copper........................................ 37

15.Steel-pipe Dimensions, Capacities, Weights........................ 38

16.Air Infiltration Through Windows........................................................40

17.Conductivity, k, of Insulations....................................................................41

18.Electrical Conductivity of Metals............................................................41

19.Table of Dielectric Characteristics........................................................42

20.Frequency Allocations................... ......................................................43

21.Stations WWV and WWVH Transmissions................................44

22.Graphical Representation of a Moisture-Resistance Test .................... 45

Plastics

23.Plastics Glossary............................ 49

24.Quick Identification of Plastics............................................................. 52

25.Properties of Plastics Compared............................................................... 53

CLASSIFICATION AND TABLEPage

26.Guide to Selection of Plastics Based on Characteristics of Materials ....... 56

Leather

27.Leather Terminology................ 65

28.Raw Materials of the Tanning Industry............................................68

Textiles

29.Raw Materials of the Textile Industry............................................ 71

30.Yarn Numbering Systems................................................................................ 81

31.Yarn Number Conversion Table............................................................ 82

32.Relative Humidity, Percent—Fahrenheit Temperatures Table ............... 89

33.Official Standard Grades For Wool Top—January, 1955 .................. 91

34.Yields of Various Wool Types.................................................................... 91

35.Raw Silk Classification .................................................................................... 92

36.Legend of Cotton Producing Areas of the United States and Mexico ......... 94

37.Fiber Data on Selected Cottons.................................................................... 96

38.Fibrograph Conversion Chart.................................................................... 98

39.Combination Groupings of Raw Cotton............................................ 98

40.Miscellaneous Cotton Data............................................................................99

41.Properties of Plastic Textile Coatings................................................100

42.Suggested Minimum Serviceability Requirements............100

43.Flammability Table ................... 102

Psychometrics

44.Probability Table ...................... 105

45.Odor and Flavor Chart............ 106

Bacteriology

46.Phenol Coefficients ........ 109

Source Credits For Tables............ 112

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ILLUSTRATIONS

1.Chemical Laboratory .................... 6

2.Paint Laboratory .................................... 6

3.Infrared Spectrophotometer ........................................................................22

4.Spectrograph ....................................... 22

5.Electronics Laboratory ...............................32

6.Electronic Test Equipment.................... 32

7.Materials Testing Laboratory..................... 48

8.Environmental Test Chambers................. 48

9.Low Temperature Tests .............................. 51

10.Leather Laboratory....................... 64

1 1.Leather Research ...................... 64

12.Textile Conditioning Rooms .................... 70

13.Dye Laboratory............................................. 70

1 4.Psychometric Flavor Testing............... 104

15.Tachistoscope ...............................104

1 6.Toxicology Laboratory ................. 108

17.High Humidity Chamber....................................................................................108

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[inside back cover]

UNITED STATES TESTING COMPANY, INC.
Established 1880 HOBOKEN, NEW JERSEY Hoboken 3-3166

BRANCH OFFICES

CHICAGO
325 West Huron St. Chicago 10, Illinois SUperior 7-3870

PROVIDENCE
211 W. Exchange St. Providence, R. I. GAspee 1-2753

MEMPHIS
214-215 Cotton Exchange Bldg. Memphis 3, Tennessee MEmphis 38-1246

NEW YORK
Port Authority Bus Term. New York 18, N. Y. CHickering 4-8130

DALLAS
1700 Cotton Exchange Bldg. Dallas 1, Texas PRospect 2654

PHILADELPHIA
3925 M Street Philadelphia 24, Pa. Cumberland 8-0326

WILMINGTON
2811 Philadelphia Pike Claymont, Delaware HOIIy Oak 8-1209

BOSTON
288 A Street Boston 10, Mass. HAncock 6-8151

LOS ANGELES
1723 So. Maple Avenue Los Angeles, Calif. Richmond 7-9264

DENVER
4639 Lafayette St. Denver 1 6, Colorado ALpine 5-6161

SAN ANGELO
427 South Oakes Street San Angelo, Texas SAn Angelo 2-3055

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General information from Museum records below:

United States Testing Co., Inc., 1415 Park Avenue, Hoboken. No longer in Hoboken.

Building was erected in 1918. (Initially occupied by B.F. Goodrich Co.) U.S. Testing signed lease Feb. 1, 1926 for building and grounds; company left Hoboken ca. 2000, for Fairfield, N.J., and building was converted to a parking garage; demolished winter 2013.

U.S. Testing was founded 1880 and located in New York City until it moved to Hoboken which became its new headquarters with several branches in other American cities. It became a subsidiary of SGS (Société Générale de Surveillance, a Geneva based company founded in 1878) in 1963 (SGS U.S. Testing Company Inc. filed as a Foreign for Profit Corporation on Wednesday, October 16, 1963 in the state of New Jersey.) In May 1996, the name was changed to SGS U.S. Testing Company, Inc.

Subsidiaries of U.S. Testing that were located at the Hoboken address:

Nationwide Consumer Testing Institute (established circa 1963.)
Research and Testing Co., Inc.
Qualitest Inc.
Date 1955
Year Range from 1955
Year Range to 1955
Search Terms United States Testing Co., Inc.
1415 Park Ave.
Caption front cover
Imagefile 215\20130420100.TIF
Classification Engineering
Business & Commerce
Sciences
Interiors
Exteriors
Buildings