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Name Holland Tunnel
Details Twin tube vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River from Jersey City, New Jersey to downtown Manhattan, New York City (approximately at Canal Street.) Opened November 13, 1927 to traffic. Named for its Clifford M. Holland, its late Chief Engineer.

KEY DATES FOR THE HOLLAND TUNNEL

1906
Hudson River Bridge & Tunnel Commission (N.J.)
New York Interstate Bridge Commission

1912
New Jersey Interstate Bridge & Tunnel Commission

1913
New York State Bridge & Tunnel Commission

1912-1914
Tunnel plan selected over bridge

December 1917 – January 1918
Coal famine due to Hudson River ice

March 1918
Agreement to move forward on tunnel

June 3, 1919
Clifford Holland appointed as Chief Engineer

September 23, 1919
Contract signed for the “Construction of a Vehicular
Tunnel or Tunnels Under the Hudson River.”

October 12, 1920
New York groundbreaking ceremony
Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel

May 31, 1922
New Jersey groundbreaking

October 27, 1924
Designer and Chief Engineer
Clifford Milburn Holland dies;
succeeded by Milton Freeman

October 29, 1924
Holed through — north tubes meet under the river

November 12, 1924
Renamed The Holland Tunnel
(not announced until 1925)

March 24, 1925
Chief Engineer Milton Freeman dies;
Ole Singstad succeeds him and completes tunnel

August 21, 1926
First car driven through tunnel as Governors
of N.J. & N.Y. meet at center for
ceremony at state markers

November 12, 1927
Dedication Ceremonies in New York and New Jersey

November 13, 1927, 12 Midnight
Tunnel opens to regular traffic

1930
Legislation transfers Holland Tunnel
to the Port of New York Authority

March 1931
Port Authority makes payment to Commissions
and assumes control of the Holland Tunnel

1932
Completion of approach roads: Jersey City-Newark
Elevated Express Highway (Pulaski Skyway)

Number of Archive records 25
Number of Object records 11
Number of Library records 9
Number of Photo records 26

Associated Records

Image of Map of Hoboken prepared for the Hoboken Chamber of Commerce, October 15, 1930. - Map

Map of Hoboken prepared for the Hoboken Chamber of Commerce, October 15, 1930. - Map

Reference record: Map of Hoboken prepared for the Hoboken Chamber of Commerce, October 15, 1930. Printed reproduction, ca. 11" x 17" wide, as issued in archives 2006.057.0004, Welcome to Hoboken. "Know Your City." Board of Education, Hoboken, N.J. [1969.] This is an inserted fold-out following page 5. PDF of this map is on file. The original format and issue of the map has not been determined. Scale is stated as 1 inch = 400 feet. The map issued in this publication was crudely annotated to indicate the locations of the Hoboken schools as of the 1969 publication date (Brandt school at Ninth and Park is barely marked.) Other local identifications were not updated and the map is useful a

Image of Map: Hoboken port facilities, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, June 1924. - Map

Map: Hoboken port facilities, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, June 1924. - Map

[Hoboken waterfront map] Port Facilities at Port of New York, Hudson River - New Jersey. War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army; United States Engineer Office, First District, New York City, June 1924. Map 4. PDF on file. Printed map, printed in black, 9-3/8" high x 18" wide; three hole punched left margin. Because map is apparently reduced size, scale is interpolated from sheet where it is approximately 1/3 of an inch equals 200 feet, thus: Scale of feet: ca. 1" = 600 feet. With: facsimile leaf listing the references shown on the map. Leaf is titled The Port of New York - List of Piers, Wharves, and Docks. This map is number 4 (seen at lower right corner) and was apparently p

Image of Article: The Eighth Wonder: The Holland Vehicular Tunnel. Gray & Hagen. Smithsonian Annual Report, 1931. - Article

Article: The Eighth Wonder: The Holland Vehicular Tunnel. Gray & Hagen. Smithsonian Annual Report, 1931. - Article

Article: The Eighth Wonder: The Holland Vehicular Tunnel. By Carl C. Gray and H.F. Hagen. As published in Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution; Washington: GPO, 1931. pp. 577-607 followed by Plates 1- 30. Four illustrations/maps. As received: removed from publication. Text and plate captions in notes. Text file plus text/image pdf on file. This monograph appeared in the Annual Report as "Reprinted by permission, with a few omissions from a pamphlet entitled "The Eighth Wonder," published by the B. F. Sturtevant Co." It is considered a very useful document regarding this significant engineering achievement. First published in 1927 (in book format) by the c

Image of Article [Holland Tunnel]: Linking New York and New Jersey. By Clifford M. Holland; in The American City, Vol. XXIV, no. 3, March 1921. - Article

Article [Holland Tunnel]: Linking New York and New Jersey. By Clifford M. Holland; in The American City, Vol. XXIV, no. 3, March 1921. - Article

Article: Linking New York and New Jersey. The Isolation of these Two States from Each Other to be Overcome by New Vehicle Tunnels. By Clifford M. Holland, Chief Engineer, New York & New Jersey Tunnel Commission. As published in journal The American City, Volume XXIV, No. 3 (March 1921), pp. 231-232. With illustration: Profile and Plan of the New York-New Jersey Tunnel. See notes for full text. The Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel (renamed Holland Tunnel in 1924 after his death) was under construction.

Image of Postcard: Holland Tunnel North Tube on Way to New Jersey. N.d., ca. late 1940s.  - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Tunnel North Tube on Way to New Jersey. N.d., ca. late 1940s. - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Tunnel North Tube on Way to New Jersey. No date, circa late 1940s. Sepia tone photo matte, 3-7/16" x 5-7/16"; divided back; unused. A Mayrose Post Card. View of cars and trucks with police officer on catwalk to the right. Title imprinted on image with additional text at lower right: Courtesy of Port of New York Authority. Publisher: The Mayrose Co., Publishers, Linden, N.J.

Image of Lincoln Tunnel: Metropolitan New York 1938. 4 Minute Crossings. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, late 1937 to 1938. - Brochure

Lincoln Tunnel: Metropolitan New York 1938. 4 Minute Crossings. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, late 1937 to 1938. - Brochure

Metropolitan New York 1938. 4 Minute Crossings. Holland Tunnel - George Washington Bridge - Lincoln Tunnel - Bayonne Bridge - Goethals Bridge - Outerbridge Crossing. Issued by the Port of New York Authority, late 1937 or early 1938. Single sheet printed in color, 12-1/8" wide x 18-1/8" high folded to 4-/16" wide x 9-1/16" high. See archives 2011.005.0241 for a 1940 version, similar format, but differing content, issued for the last year of the New York World's Fair. The brochure opens up to a full-sheet road map of the New York and New Jersey metropolitan area and was intended to promote New York automobile transportation in respect to water crossings such as bridges and tunnels with sp

Image of Lincoln Tunnel. A New 4 Minute Crossing. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, late 1937. - Brochure

Lincoln Tunnel. A New 4 Minute Crossing. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, late 1937. - Brochure

Lincoln Tunnel. A New 4 Minute Crossing. Between New Jersey and New York from Weehawken, New Jersey to 39th Street, New York City. Built, Owned and Operated by The Port of New York Authority, 111 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. Two copies (copy 1 only imaged) Issued by the Port of New York Authority, late 1937. Single sheet printed in color, 10-9/16" wide x 6/-/14" high folded to 3-1/2" wide. See notes for text on side 1, all panels. The brochure opens up to a full-sheet road map of the new tunnel. The Lincoln Tunnel opened on Dec. 22, 1937. The text "opens December 22, 1937" and "due to be opened" implies that this brochure was issued as promotional material prior to the opening.

Image of Lincoln Tunnel: Metropolitan New York. Routes to World's Fair 1940. 4 Minute Crossings. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, 1940. - Brochure

Lincoln Tunnel: Metropolitan New York. Routes to World's Fair 1940. 4 Minute Crossings. Issued by Port of N.Y. Authority, 1940. - Brochure

Metropolitan New York. Routes to World's Fair 1940. 4 Minute Crossings. Holland Tunnel - George Washington Bridge - Lincoln Tunnel - Bayonne Bridge - Goethals Bridge - Outerbridge Crossing. Published by the Port of New York Authority, copyright 1940. Single sheet printed in color, 12" wide x 18" high folded to 4" wide x 9" high. See archives 2011.005.0194 for a 1938 version, similar in format and differing content; issued prior to opening of the LIncoln Tunnel in late 1937. The brochure opens up to a full-sheet road map of the New York and New Jersey metropolitan area and was intended to promote New York automobile transportation in respect to water crossings such as bridges and tun

Image of Postcard: Holland Tunnel and Sky Line, New York City. N.d., ca. 1928-1935. - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Tunnel and Sky Line, New York City. N.d., ca. 1928-1935. - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Tunnel and Sky Line, New York City. No date, circa 1930-1935. Color lithographed postcard (not linen finish), 3-9/16" x 5-1/2"; divided back; white border; unused. Artist's depiction with a cut-away view of the two tubes beneath the Hudson River with traffic. Ships, including a four-stack ocean liner, are shown on the river and the skyline has the Woolworth Building to the right. The sky has a blimp or dirigible (Zeppelin) and an airplane. Titled as above in top border on front. Published by Haberman's, Bronx, New York. 423. Number in image at lower front: 30631.

Image of Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, 1927.  - Receipt

Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, 1927. - Receipt

Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, 1927. Machine imprinted paper, two-part form with horizontal perforation, 3-3/8 high x 3-5/8" wide. Reverse imprinted with traffic rules. Both were for fifty cents which was the toll for automobiles (and code "II" before the amount was used for automobiles - see archives 2012.007.0013.) 1: November 24, 1927; dark gray; transaction number 28290. 2: December 36 [sic - probably 26], 1927; salmon; transaction number 66799. At this time, the tunnel was still under two administrative jurisdictions as imprinted at bottom: New York State Bridge and Tunnel Commission and New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. Adminstration Bldg., N

Image of Postcard: Interior of Holland Tunnel, New York City. No date, ca. 1940s. - Postcard

Postcard: Interior of Holland Tunnel, New York City. No date, ca. 1940s. - Postcard

Postcard: Interior of Holland Tunnel, New York City. No date, ca. 1940s. Color printed, linen finish, 3-1/2" x 5-5/8" wide; divided back. Unused. View west at state line markers.

Image of Postcard: Holland Vehicular Tunnel, New York City. No date, 1927-1930. - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Vehicular Tunnel, New York City. No date, 1927-1930. - Postcard

Postcard: Holland Vehicular Tunnel, New York City. No date, 1927-1930. Color printed, 3-1/2" x 5-5/8" wide; divided back. Unused. Artist enhanced colored depiction from photo of several automobiles and one truck inside westbound tunnel.

Image of Manual: Rules & Regulations Governing Transportation of Explosives &... Dangerous Materials via Port Authority Bridges & Tunnels, 1963. - Manual

Manual: Rules & Regulations Governing Transportation of Explosives &... Dangerous Materials via Port Authority Bridges & Tunnels, 1963. - Manual

Rules and Regulations Governing the Transportation of Explosives and other Dangerous Materials Via The Lincoln Tunnel; The Holland Tunnel; The George Washington Bridge; Upper Level; Lower Level; Expressway; The Bayonne Bridge; The Goethals Bridge; The Outerbridge Crossing. Effective April 15, 1962. The Port of New York Authority, Tunnels and Bridges Department, 111 Eighth Avenue, New York City. Booklet, 4-1/8" x 7-1/8" high; pp. viii, 83. This rule book for bridge and tunnel safety is divided into two parts and multiple sections. Preliminary pages and Part I are imaged; selected pages from Part II are imaged. Part I. The George Washington Bridge Upper Level; The Bayonne Bridge; The

Image of Report: The Holland Tunnel Chemical Fire. May 13, 1949. National Board of Fire Underwriters, N.Y., [July 1949.] - Report

Report: The Holland Tunnel Chemical Fire. May 13, 1949. National Board of Fire Underwriters, N.Y., [July 1949.] - Report

The Holland Tunnel Chemical Fire. New Jersey - New York. May 13, 1949. Report by The National Board of Fire Underwriters, 85 John Street, New York 7, N.Y. No publication date [released July 29, 1949 per Jackson, Highway under the Hudson.] Booklet, 8-1/2" x 11" high, 18 pp.; photo illustrated; two foldout diagrams (one printed both sides.) PDF on file. Map inside front cover (not in pagination): Principal Vehicular Arteries of Manhattan. A Hagstrom metropolitan area road map including Hoboken and tunnel indicated. Foldouts are 10-1/2" high x 32" wide. First foldout (between pp. 4-5) is double sided. Figure 1: Holland Tunnel, Design of Ventilation System Figure 2: Holland Tunnel

Image of Contract for Construction of Vehicular [Holland] Tunnel or Tunnels Under the Hudson River. Dec. 1919. - Contract

Contract for Construction of Vehicular [Holland] Tunnel or Tunnels Under the Hudson River. Dec. 1919. - Contract

State of New York and State of New Jersey. Contract for the Construction of a Vehicular Tunnel or Tunnels Under the Hudson River. Dated December 30th, 1919. New York State Bridge and Tunnel Commission; New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. Booklet, 8" x 10-1/2" high, pp. [ii], 22 plus covers. Printed version of the agreement by the government bodies responsible for the tunnel that would would be named the Holland Tunnel and open in 1927. Contract was actually signed in ceremonies on Sept. 23, 1919. Inkstamp front cover: Library, Bureau of Railway Economics, Washington D.C. Inkstamped dated on page [21] Sep 20 1926; inkstamped on back cover: Acknowledged Sep 15 1926.

Image of Brochure: The Holland Tunnel. Effective Nov. 13, 1927. Toll Rates. Traffic Regulations. Description of Tunnel. - Brochure

Brochure: The Holland Tunnel. Effective Nov. 13, 1927. Toll Rates. Traffic Regulations. Description of Tunnel. - Brochure

Brochure: The Holland Tunnel. Effective Nov. 13, 1927. Toll Rates. Traffic Regulations. Description of Tunnel. Single sheet, printed two sides, 7-1/4" x 15" wide folded to 3-3/4" wide, 8 pages. PDF on file. Full text is in notes. The tunnel first opened to regular traffic at midnight on November 13, 1927. A wealth of detail for a small publication including how it was built and operated. Includes on page 3: "For the present, pedestrians will not be admitted to the tunnel." Front and back as folded have color illustrations. Front has cross sections of the two tunnel tubes. Back has two illustrations, plan and profile. This copy belong to a Mr. Grant, who apparently was an invitee

Image of Ticket: Celebration Commemorating the Official Opening of the Holland Vehicular Tunnel. Jersey City, Nov. 12, 1927. - Ticket

Ticket: Celebration Commemorating the Official Opening of the Holland Vehicular Tunnel. Jersey City, Nov. 12, 1927. - Ticket

Ticket: Celebration Commemorating the Official Opening of the Holland Vehicular Tunnel. Jersey City, Saturday, November 12, 1927. Printed paper, 3-5/16" high x 4-1/2" wide; reverse blank. Two each (one is fair condition.) With: plain envelope bearing name in ink - Mr. Grant. See archives 2012.007.0013 and .0014 for related items. Text: CELEBRATION Commemorating the Official Opening of the HOLLAND VEHICULAR TUNNEL This Ticket will admit bearer to a seat in the Reviewing Stand located on Palisade Avenue, between Newark Avenue and Hoboken Avenue, opposite Dickinson High School, Jersey City, if presented not later than 7:00 P. M., Saturday, November 12, 1927. Compliments of [

Image of Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, Nov. 19, 1927. Souvenirs of a roundtrip. - Receipt

Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, Nov. 19, 1927. Souvenirs of a roundtrip. - Receipt

Toll receipts, two, from the Holland Tunnel, November 19, 1927. Machine imprinted paper, two-part form with horizontal perforation, 3-3/8 or 3-7/16" high x 3-5/8" wide. Reverse imprinted with traffic rules. Penciled notes on reverse of each as detailed below. The receipts were kept as souvenirs of what was apparently the first trip through the tunnel a week after it opened for the four listed people (first names only) on the back of each. (Items are from a group attributed to a "Mr. Grant", probably of Jersey City; see related items, archives 2012.007.0012 and .0013.) It was a roundtrip. One noted that to New York and back took ten minutes. The tunnel was a destination as a sightseeing

Image of Map: Motor Routes to George Washington Bridge, Holland Tunnel ... Port of N.Y. Authority. N.d., ca. 1931-1932. - Map

Map: Motor Routes to George Washington Bridge, Holland Tunnel ... Port of N.Y. Authority. N.d., ca. 1931-1932. - Map

Map: Motor Routes to George Washington Bridge, Holland Tunnel, Bayonne Bridge, Goethals Bridge, Outerbridge Crossing connecting New York and New Jersey at the Port of New York. Controlled and Operated by The Port of New York Authority, 80-90 Eighth Avenue, New York City. No date, circa 1931-early 1932. Printed sheet, 12" x 18" high, folded to 4" wide x 9" high. While not dated, several things help to establish the date range of the brochure: the Washington Bridge (G.W.B.) opened in 1931; the address of 80-90 Eighth Ave. would change to 111 Eighth Avenue by the fall of 1932. Note the Triborough Bridge (opened 1936; re-named 2008, Robert F. Kennedy Bridge) is on the interior map as under

Image of Report of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge & Tunnel Commission to the Senate & General Assembly of the State of N.J. Jan. 2, 1926.
 - Report

Report of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge & Tunnel Commission to the Senate & General Assembly of the State of N.J. Jan. 2, 1926. - Report

Report of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission to the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey. Jan. 2, 1926. Digital images only; large tiffs media archive; PDF on file. Original bound volume is held by the family of John C. McEnroe. McEnroe was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a New York Commission for overseeing the project. He died on June 2, 1925. The frontispiece is a photo portrait of him and pages 8-9 have a printed tribute to him, text of which is below: JOHN C. McENROE At its meeting on June 2, 1925, the Commission received the sad news of the death, tha