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Name Holland Tunnel
Details Twin tube vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River from Jersey City, New Jersey to downtown Manhattan, New York City (approximately at Canal Street.) Opened November 13, 1927 to traffic. Named for its Clifford M. Holland, its late Chief Engineer.

KEY DATES FOR THE HOLLAND TUNNEL

1906
Hudson River Bridge & Tunnel Commission (N.J.)
New York Interstate Bridge Commission

1912
New Jersey Interstate Bridge & Tunnel Commission

1913
New York State Bridge & Tunnel Commission

1912-1914
Tunnel plan selected over bridge

December 1917 – January 1918
Coal famine due to Hudson River ice

March 1918
Agreement to move forward on tunnel

June 3, 1919
Clifford Holland appointed as Chief Engineer

September 23, 1919
Contract signed for the “Construction of a Vehicular
Tunnel or Tunnels Under the Hudson River.”

October 12, 1920
New York groundbreaking ceremony
Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel

May 31, 1922
New Jersey groundbreaking

October 27, 1924
Designer and Chief Engineer
Clifford Milburn Holland dies;
succeeded by Milton Freeman

October 29, 1924
Holed through — north tubes meet under the river

November 12, 1924
Renamed The Holland Tunnel
(not announced until 1925)

March 24, 1925
Chief Engineer Milton Freeman dies;
Ole Singstad succeeds him and completes tunnel

August 21, 1926
First car driven through tunnel as Governors
of N.J. & N.Y. meet at center for
ceremony at state markers

November 12, 1927
Dedication Ceremonies in New York and New Jersey

November 13, 1927, 12 Midnight
Tunnel opens to regular traffic

1930
Legislation transfers Holland Tunnel
to the Port of New York Authority

March 1931
Port Authority makes payment to Commissions
and assumes control of the Holland Tunnel

1932
Completion of approach roads: Jersey City-Newark
Elevated Express Highway (Pulaski Skyway)

Number of Archive records 25
Number of Object records 11
Number of Library records 9
Number of Photo records 26

Associated Records

Image of B+W photo of Holland Tunnel N.Y. entry portal with Holland bust & bunting for 50th anniversary, Nov. 11, 1977. - Print, Photographic

B+W photo of Holland Tunnel N.Y. entry portal with Holland bust & bunting for 50th anniversary, Nov. 11, 1977. - Print, Photographic

Black-and-white photo of Holland Tunnel New York entry portal (north tube) with Clifford Holland bust and bunting commemorating fiftieth anniversary, Nov. 11, 1977. 8" x 10" wide. Photograph by UPI (United Press International.) Integral caption at top of image. Reverse has penciled note: New York City Tunnels. Inkstamped: Morgue - Put in Permanent File; also inkstamped date: Nov 15 1977. (Print from Chicago Tribune archives.) Text at top of image: NXP1916593 - 11/12/77 - NEW YORK: A bust of Clifford M. Holland stands at the New York entrance to the tunnel that bears his name. The Holland Tunnel is still very much the way it used to be when it opened 50 years ago toady, 11/12, but the

Image of B+W photo of Holland Tunnel opening day, N.Y. entry plaza, Nov. 13, 1927; 1987 issue.  - Print, Photographic

B+W photo of Holland Tunnel opening day, N.Y. entry plaza, Nov. 13, 1927; 1987 issue. - Print, Photographic

Black-and-white photo of New York entry plaza on opening day of the Holland Tunnel, Nov. 13, 1927; 1987 issue. 8" x 10" wirephoto print. Issue by UPI (United Press International); original photographer not indicated. Integral caption above image (text below.) Reverse has ink file note: New York City Holland Tunnel; inkstamped date: Nov 10 1987. (From Chicago Tribune archive.) Commemorating the fiftieth anniversary. Caption: Today in History [series category block logo] NYP(1)409569 - 11/13/87 - New York: On 11/13/1927, crowd in Manhattan watches as the Holland Tunnel is opened, linking New York and New Jersey under the Hudson River. UPI eh [end]

Image of Sepia-tone photo of Clifford M. Holland, 1st Chief Engineer & namesake of Holland Tunnel. N.Y., n.d., ca. 1920-1921 - Photograph

Sepia-tone photo of Clifford M. Holland, 1st Chief Engineer & namesake of Holland Tunnel. N.Y., n.d., ca. 1920-1921 - Photograph

Sepia-tone photo portrait of Clifford Milburn Holland, first Chief Engineer and namesake of the Holland Tunnel. New York, no date, circa 1920-1921. Digital image only; original print 8" x 10" high. Photo taken by Underwood & Underwood Studios, New York. Studio credit line in image at bottom right; reverse has photographer's inkstamp credit; holographic pencil - Mr. Holland, Holland Tunnel. Holland died in 1924 and the Hudson Vehicular Tunnel, as the project was called, was renamed that year in his honor. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperatin

Image of Sepia-tone group photo of tunnel commission members & other staff inspecting Holland Tunnel tile, lighting & railing samples, N.Y., Feb. 10, 1925. - Photograph

Sepia-tone group photo of tunnel commission members & other staff inspecting Holland Tunnel tile, lighting & railing samples, N.Y., Feb. 10, 1925. - Photograph

Sepia-tone group photo: Contract No. 3. North Tunnel, west of Spring Street shaft, New York, Inspection Party. Feb. 10, 1925, 1:50 p.m. Digital image only; original print 8" x 10" wide. Photographer not indicated; negative number not present in image, but other copies have no. 5548 (see notes). Front has modern ink note on image, "Dad," beneath the third man from left, front row: John C. McEnroe (ee below.) Reverse has holographic ink signatures: Mary C. Caffrey, Mary Caffrey (per McEnroe family members, she is believed to have been McEnroe's secretary.) Other men have not been identified at this time. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of t

Image of B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 2311. Contract No. 5, N.Y. Telephone Co. cables at Canal & Hudson Sts., N.Y., Dec. 2, 1924. - Photograph

B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 2311. Contract No. 5, N.Y. Telephone Co. cables at Canal & Hudson Sts., N.Y., Dec. 2, 1924. - Photograph

Black-and-white documentation photo for Holland Tunnel: 2311. Contract No. 5. N.Y. Telephone Co. cables at Canal & Hudson Streets, New York, Dec. 2, 1924, 3:20 p.m. Digital image only; from modern reproduction print, 8" x 10" wide, apparently made from print in album 2012.017.0001. Reverse is blank. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a New York Commission for overseeing the project. He died on June 2, 1925. Print was an enclosure in a photograph album, photo catalog 2012.017.0001, where there is also an original of it with full caption

Image of B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 7004. South tunnel heading just east of shield after flooding of tunnel, Apr. 3, 1924, N.Y. Apr. 7, 1924. - Photograph

B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 7004. South tunnel heading just east of shield after flooding of tunnel, Apr. 3, 1924, N.Y. Apr. 7, 1924. - Photograph

Black-and-white documentation photo for Holland Tunnel: 7004. South tunnel heading just east of shield after flooding of tunnel of April 3, 1924, New York. April 7, 1924, 5:45 p.m. Digital image only; from modern reproduction print, 8" x 10" wide, apparently made from print in album 2012.017.0001. Reverse has clipped photocopy of text typewritten on the reverse of the linen mount of album print. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a New York Commission for overseeing the project. He died on June 2, 1925. Print was an enclosure in a phot

Image of B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 7004. South tunnel heading just east of shield after flooding of tunnel, Apr. 3, 1924, N.Y. Apr. 7, 1924. - Photograph

B+W Holland Tunnel documentation photo: 7004. South tunnel heading just east of shield after flooding of tunnel, Apr. 3, 1924, N.Y. Apr. 7, 1924. - Photograph

Black-and-white documentation photo for Holland Tunnel: 6159. South Tunnel after flooding of tunnel of April 5, 1924 New York. April 24, 1924, 7:35 a.m. Digital image only; from modern reproduction print, 8" x 10" wide, apparently made from print in album 2012.017.0001. Reverse has clipped photocopy of text typewritten on the reverse of the linen mount of album print. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a New York Commission for overseeing the project. He died on June 2, 1925. Print was an enclosure in a photograph album, photo catalog

Image of Sepia-tone group photo of eight Holland Tunnel workers, n.p., n.d., ca. 1923-1925.  - Photograph

Sepia-tone group photo of eight Holland Tunnel workers, n.p., n.d., ca. 1923-1925. - Photograph

Sepia-tone group photo of eight Holland Tunnel workers, no place, no date, circa 1923-1925. Digital image only; original print 8" x 10" wide. Photographer not indicated; negative number not present in image. Reverse is blank. Men are not identified. This image is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a New York Commission for overseeing the project. He died on June 2, 1925. Print was an enclosure in a photograph album, photo catalog 2012.017.0001. The casually posed group is obviously above ground and apparently on a break or starting a shift (one i

Image of Album, photograph: 15 Holland (Hudson Vehicular) Tunnel documentation photos, 1924-1925. John C. McEnroe copy. - Album, Photograph

Album, photograph: 15 Holland (Hudson Vehicular) Tunnel documentation photos, 1924-1925. John C. McEnroe copy. - Album, Photograph

Photograph album of fifteen Holland (Hudson Vehicular) Tunnel documentation photos, 1924-1925. Digital images only; large tiffs media archive; PDF on file; media disks. Original: three-ring binder, 9" high x 11-1/2" wide x 1-1/4" thick, black cloth. Personal copy of John C. McEnroe with gilt stamped name on front cover - see below for more about McEnroe. Laid-in: six other prints varying as to original or modern; all but one a duplicate print; separately catalogued as 2012.017.0100 to .0105. This album is from the personal papers of John C. McEnroe who was the Secretary of the New Jersey Interstate Bridge and Tunnel Commission. It was the New Jersey authority cooperating with a Ne

Image of Color photo of Holland Tunnel plaque on N.Y.side, 1929. Digital photo taken 2010.  - Photograph

Color photo of Holland Tunnel plaque on N.Y.side, 1929. Digital photo taken 2010. - Photograph

Color photograph of the Holland Tunnel plaque on New York side, 1929. Digital photo taken Oct. 7, 2010; source cited below. Photographer is not identified by name. Image held for documentation and research; low resolution image shown. Tiff media archives. See notes for text found on plaque. Source of photo, 2012: http://www.flickr.com/photos/29997762@N05/5061060004/ By R36 Coach No real name given This photo was taken on October 7, 2010 using a Panasonic DMC-FH22. Copyright. All Rights Reserved.