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Name Hudson & Manhattan Railroad
Details Opened in 1908. Commonly known as "the Tubes." Operated until 1962 when taken over by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and re-named PATH - Port Authority Trans-Hudson.

A subway system that operates between Newark and downtown New York City (Hudson Terminal, later World Trade Center) and 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan as well as to Hoboken at the Lackawanna (Erie Lackwanna or Hoboken) Terminal.

This information was found in 2011 at: http://www.hudsoncity.net/tubesenglish/index.html
© B Klapouchy 1987-2008

Hudson Tubes / PATH Train fares
In some periods there were different fares for the Uptown and Downtown lines. Well into the PA takeover, there was always a separate fare for the join H&M / PRR Newark service running westwards from Journal Square (which apparently ended in 1967).

This incomplete table shows some of the fare changes for the basic Tubes [i.e., not the joint service] and indicates what the real cost of the fare was in 2002 dollars. Some of these calculations are based on data from Tim Zukas and also from material supplied by Terry Kennedy to the 2003 Hudson Tubes exhibit at the Hoboken Historical Museum.

Year Nominal Fare* Fare adjusted for inflation 2007
1908 5¢ $1.02
1911 7¢ $1.43
1927 downtown 6¢ 71¢
1927 uptown 10¢ $1.19
1938 July 25 downtown 8¢ $1.15
1938 July 25 uptown 10¢ [8¢ upon entering, 2¢ upon leaving] $1.18
1944 June 26 10¢ / 9¢ [11 tokens for $1] $1.18 / $1.06
intrastate refund coupon = 5¢**
1951 Dec 7 ICC grants a 5¢ interstate fare
increase to 15¢. $1.20
1957 September 20¢ $1.48
1958 15¢ 1.08
1962 30¢ [intrastate 15¢] $2.06
1970 intrastate increase to 30¢ $1.60
1973 50¢ $2.33
2002 $1.50 $1.73
2008 $2.00 $2.00

** The refund coupon was redeemed upon exit from a New Jersey station, if the passenger had boarded in New Jersey, or at a New York station, if the passenger had boarded in New York. The system lasted at least until the PA take over.
* Not the H&M/PRR joint service from Journal Square to Newark Updated February 1, 2008 © B Klapouchy 2008

© B Klapouchy 1987-2008
Number of Archive records 86
Number of Object records 118
Number of Library records 21
Number of Photo records 108

Associated Records

Image of Digital scans from the book: Illustrations of Incidents in Tunnel Construction of H. & M. R. R. Co. Copyright, 1909, by Jacobs & Davies. - Book

Digital scans from the book: Illustrations of Incidents in Tunnel Construction of H. & M. R. R. Co. Copyright, 1909, by Jacobs & Davies. - Book

Digital scans from the book: Illustrations of Incidents in Tunnel Construction of H. & M. R. R. Co. Copyright, 1909, by Jacobs & Davies. Images are archived.

Image of Brochure of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad for Service between New Jersey and the 1939-40 New York World's Fair. - Pamphlet

Brochure of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad for Service between New Jersey and the 1939-40 New York World's Fair. - Pamphlet

Brochure of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad for Service between New Jersey and the 1939-40 New York World's Fair. Single sheet 14-1/2" wide x 7-5/8" high folded to 4 panels 7-5/8" high x 3-5/8" wide. Printed in black with color detail on map. Schedule was listed as Daylight Savings Time so this was issued for either or both April to November 1939 and 1940.

Image of Digital image of illustration "The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster" from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, page 92, Oct. 9, 1880. - Print

Digital image of illustration "The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster" from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, page 92, Oct. 9, 1880. - Print

Digital image of illustration "The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster" from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, page 92, Oct. 9, 1880. Issued in black & white; hand colored later. Original ca. 12" wide x 10" high. Full caption: "New Jersey - The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster - Searching for the Bodies of the Victims."

Image of Article: Eight Minutes to New York. The Story of the Hudson & Manhattan Tubes. Reprint from American History Illustrated, Aug. 1974. - Pamphlet

Article: Eight Minutes to New York. The Story of the Hudson & Manhattan Tubes. Reprint from American History Illustrated, Aug. 1974. - Pamphlet

Eight Minutes to New York. The Story of the Hudson & Manhattan Tubes. Digital images of reprint from American History Illustrated, issued in August, 1974 by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation. Original was a ca. 8" x 11" 16-page pamphlet with photos and map. Museum does not own the original. Images courtesy of Terry Kennedy. Images are archived. All pages are imaged followed by details of selected photos.

Image of Digital scans of the fold-out plates of Tunneling Under the Hudson River. S.D.V. Burr; NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1885. - Drawing, Technical

Digital scans of the fold-out plates of Tunneling Under the Hudson River. S.D.V. Burr; NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1885. - Drawing, Technical

Digital scans of the fold-out plates from the book: Burr, S.D.V. Tunneling Under the Hudson River: Being a Description of the Obstacles Encountered, The Experience Gained, The Success Achieved, and the Plans Finally Adopted for Rapid and Economical Prosecution of the Work. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1885. Images are archived. Only the 11 folding sheets with the 27 plates were made available for imaging by the Museum. All sheets are shown in full with additional images for each plate some of which are done in sectional detail for viewing convenience.

Image of Archive of digital images of postcards and photos relating to the Hudson & Manhattan Rail Road and its successor, PATH. - Documents

Archive of digital images of postcards and photos relating to the Hudson & Manhattan Rail Road and its successor, PATH. - Documents

Archive of digital images of postcards and photos relating to the Hudson & Manhattan Rail Road and its successor, Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corp, PATH, from the collections of photographer Leon Yost. Postcards are mainly from 1908 to the 1920's. The photographs are from ca. 1998 to 2001 and were taken by Leon Yost.

Image of Brochure for exhibition "The Tubes: Rails Under the Hudson" at the Hoboken Historical Museum, Jan. 19-April 13, 2003. - Pamphlet

Brochure for exhibition "The Tubes: Rails Under the Hudson" at the Hoboken Historical Museum, Jan. 19-April 13, 2003. - Pamphlet

Brochure for exhibition "The Tubes: Rails Under the Hudson. 1874 to the Present-day PATH" presented by the Hoboken Historical Museum, Jan. 19-April 13, 2003. 7" high x 9" wide folded, 6 panels opening to 27" wide. Illustrated. Curated by Terry Kennedy, Museum Director Robert Foster, text by Holly Metz, designed by McKevin Shaughnessy. Exhibition was the history of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad including its transition to the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Railroad.

Image of "The Public Be Pleased": William G. McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes. Supplement to Headlights, June 1964, 8 pp., illustrated. - Booklet

"The Public Be Pleased": William G. McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes. Supplement to Headlights, June 1964, 8 pp., illustrated. - Booklet

"The Public Be Pleased": William G. McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes. By Anthony Fitzherbert. A "Headlights" Supplement, June 1964, 8 pp., illustrated. 8-1/2" x 11" high. A history of the Hudson and Manhattan Rail Road, 'The Tubes," up to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey taking over the operation and renaming it as the Port Authority Trans-Hudson, PATH. Sixteen photographs and two maps.

File with photocopies of newspaper clippings re PATH system, some from 1983. - Documents

File with photocopies of newspaper clippings re PATH system, some from 1983. Article from The New York Times, Sunday, February 20, 1983 about the 75th anniversary of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad, now PATH. Article from The Jersey Journal, Tuesday, Feb. 15, 1983 with two photos of PATH cars, old and new. Article from unidentified newspaper, undated but from 1983, re 74th anniversary and a history of the building of the railroad.

Image of Diamond Jubilee Souvenir edition of the "PATH Gazette", Friday, Feb. 25, 1983. Facsimile copy. - Pamphlet

Diamond Jubilee Souvenir edition of the "PATH Gazette", Friday, Feb. 25, 1983. Facsimile copy. - Pamphlet

Photocopy reproduction, full-size, of the Diamond Jubilee Souvenir edition of the "PATH Gazette", Friday, Feb. 25, 1983. Original issued by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Railroad. 20 leaves, 11" wide x 16" high; bound with black plastic comb with clear plastic cover, black back sheet. PDF on file. Produced for the 2003 exhibition at the Hoboken Historical Museum, "The Tubes", concerning the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad and the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Railroad.

Image of Press kit from the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corp., PATH, for the 40th anniversary of the PATH sustem, ca. Sept. 2002. - Documents

Press kit from the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corp., PATH, for the 40th anniversary of the PATH sustem, ca. Sept. 2002. - Documents

Press kit from the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corp., PATH, for the 40th anniversary of the PATH sustem, ca. Sept. 2002. Printed pocket folder with 8 printed pieces including a plastic PATH card holder. Although issued in 2002, the pocket folder is obviously older stock with the system map showing the World Trade Center and the address for offices as One World Trade Center. Destroyed in September, 2001, PATH's service to a new World Trade Center station did not resume until November, 2003.

Image of The Hudson & Manhattan Tunnels in Picture and Story. Copyright 1908, The American Photograph Company, Publishers, NY. - Book

The Hudson & Manhattan Tunnels in Picture and Story. Copyright 1908, The American Photograph Company, Publishers, NY. - Book

The Hudson & Manhattan Tunnels in Picture and Story. Copyright 1908, The American Photograph Company, Publishers, NY. Booklet, 3-1/2" high x 5-3/4" wide. Unpaginated, [46] pp., illustrated. Rear cover blank. PDF on file.

Image of Embarkation Regulations. Headquarters, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, February 12, 1918. - Manual

Embarkation Regulations. Headquarters, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, February 12, 1918. - Manual

Embarkation Regulations. Headquarters, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, February 12, 1918. Pamphlet, 5-1/4" wide x 8" high. 24 pp. including cover. Pages 18-21 have the names of some local Army offices with addresses: Army Pier 1 Commander of the Port Depot Quartermaster, Sales Dept. (noted that it would soon move to pier 4) Army Pier 2 Hoboken Branch, Army Transport Service (Freight Dept.) 95 River St. Hoboken Branch, Army Transport Service (Passenger Dept.) 68 River St. Ordnance Officer, Sales Dept. (noted that it would soon move to pier 4) Signal Officer, Sales Dept. (noted that it would soon move to pier 4) Engineer Officer 2

Image of Digital images: article "Power Station of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad." by Hugh Hazelton. Electric Railway Journal, Vol. XXXV, No. 10, March 5, 1910. - Magazine

Digital images: article "Power Station of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad." by Hugh Hazelton. Electric Railway Journal, Vol. XXXV, No. 10, March 5, 1910. - Magazine

Digital images: article "Power Station of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad." by Hugh Hazelton. Published in Electric Railway Journal, Volume XXXV, No. 10, March 5, 1910. Six pages only available. The electric generating faciilty was in Jersey City.

Image of "New Jersey. - The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster - Searching for the Bodies of the Victims." Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Oct. 9, 1880. - Print

"New Jersey. - The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster - Searching for the Bodies of the Victims." Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Oct. 9, 1880. - Print

Digital image: "New Jersey. - The Late Hudson River Tunnel Disaster - Searching for the Bodies of the Victims." Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, October 9, 1880, page 92. Article or accompanying text not available. Color added. Images are archived. The illustration regards an unsuccessful attempt to tunnel from New Jersey to New York for a railroad. Portions of this tunnel were actually reclaimed later for use in the "McAdoo Tunnel" or Hudson and Manhattan Railroad "Tubes."

Image of Digital image of newspaper ad: Hudson Tunnel Opening Celebration Week! The 14th Street Store, (N.Y., 1908.) - Documents

Digital image of newspaper ad: Hudson Tunnel Opening Celebration Week! The 14th Street Store, (N.Y., 1908.) - Documents

Digital image of newspaper advertisement: Hudson Tunnel Opening Celebration Week! The 14th Street Store, Henry Siegel, Pres. (New York, 1908.) Original newspaper not indicated. The store was promoting the event as it had eleven store windows in the basement level that lined the 14th Street Hudson & Manhattan Railroad's station. This shop was on the southwest corner of 14th Street and Sixth Avenue. Depicted is a the "Hudson Tunnel" running from Hoboken to 14th Street, New York.

Image of Digital image of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad and other rail transportion, circa 1908-1910. - Map

Digital image of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad and other rail transportion, circa 1908-1910. - Map

Digital image of Map of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Hudson Tunnel System, circa 1908-1910. Original newspaper not indicated. PDF on file. It also shows regional train lines and New York City's elevated lines. Hoboken is not shown in great detail, but the steamship piers are identified. Note that it shows the extension of the Hudson & Manhattan from Ninth Street to Astor Place. This route was never built.

Image of Ticket: Hudson & Manhattan R.R. 30 Day Excursion Ticket & Return Coupon. 1917. - Ticket, Transportation

Ticket: Hudson & Manhattan R.R. 30 Day Excursion Ticket & Return Coupon. 1917. - Ticket, Transportation

Ticket: Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Thirty Day Excursion [Ticket &] Return Coupon. 1-3/8" high x 4-5/8" wide. Three each; all issued at Church St. station, New York, August, September and December, 1917. Each is chopped or punched several times. Valid between Newark, N.J. to New York, Hudson Terminal or Jersey City or Hoboken. It was not valid for the uptown stations except with a 2 cent Hudson & Manhattan R.R. ticket.

Image of Document: 1905 Agreement by the Hoboken & Manhattan R.R. et al with other railroads for land rights, etc., for constructing then what is now the PATH system in Hoboken. - Agreement

Document: 1905 Agreement by the Hoboken & Manhattan R.R. et al with other railroads for land rights, etc., for constructing then what is now the PATH system in Hoboken. - Agreement

Document: Agreement between the Morris & Essex Railroad Co., Delaware Lackawanna & Western Railroad (parties of the first part and referred to as the "Railroad Company") and the Hoboken and Manhattan Railroad Company, New York and New Jersey Railroad and Hudson Companies (parties of the second part and referred to as the "Hudson Company"), Dec. 19, 1905, regarding subsurface rights, access, indemnification, etc. for the tunnels and construction in New Jersey related to what would become the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad [known locally as the "Tubes"; later the PATH system]. Photocopies only from an unstated record book (possibly Assessors Office, Jersey City); being pages numbered 512-534

Image of Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company, Train Records. Dec. 1914 to Feb. 1917. - Book, Record

Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company, Train Records. Dec. 1914 to Feb. 1917. - Book, Record

Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company, Train Records. December 1914 to February 1917. Bound ledger ca. 14" high x 19" wide x 1-1/4" thick with custom printed columnar form leaves (railroad's "Form 64A"); 100 leaves (200 pages.) Entries, pencil and ink, by one month per division (a specific route such as "Hoboken - 33rd St." or "Branch Service.") Data was then recorded on it by date for the number of trains, total number of cars and monthly totals. It does not record times such as departure, arrival or length of trip. It does not include any financial information. It does make note of "misc." which may include work trains or receipt collection cars. It also does not state where this informati