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Name U.S.S. Leviathan
Details Troop transport vessel, World War I. See also Leviathan or S.S. Leviathan.

Built as the S.S. Vaterland for the Hamburg American Line which used Hoboken has its American home port. The ship was interned in Hoboken shortly after the start of World War I in Europe and confiscated in 1917 when the U.S. entered the war. It was then operated as the U.S.S. Leviathan (U.S. Army Transport Service) from the Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, 1917-1919. Decommissioned as the Leviathan in October 1919, it became the S.S. Leviathan under the U.S. Shipping Board and United States Lines.

Ship departed Hoboken on January 25, 1938 for Scotland to be scrapped.
Number of Archive records 5
Number of Object records 7
Number of Photo records 11

Associated Records

Image of Ho-Hi of 1923. Yearbook of the February Class of Hoboken High School. - Yearbook

Ho-Hi of 1923. Yearbook of the February Class of Hoboken High School. - Yearbook

Yearbook: The Ho-Hi. Volume One, Nineteen Twenty-three. Published by the February Class of Nineteen Twenty-three of Hoboken High School. 8vo cloth. pp. 1-168; advertisements I-XXXVI [1-36.] Entries for the graduating students includes their home addresses and several were not Hoboken residents. Along with agroup photo of the June class there are group photos of the six other classes: the February and June classes of the Juniors, Sophomores and Freshmen ('Freshies'.) The members of those classes are published, but are not in the name index of this record. Pages 4-8 have a photo of Joseph F. Brandt and a memoriam. He died on April 30, 1922 after less than a year as the Superintendent

Image of The Convoy. Vol. 1, No. 3, May 1919. Published Monthly at the Steneck Building, Hoboken, N.J. - Serial

The Convoy. Vol. 1, No. 3, May 1919. Published Monthly at the Steneck Building, Hoboken, N.J. - Serial

The Convoy. Volume 1, Number 3, May 1919. Published Monthly at the Steneck Building, Hoboken, N.J., in the Interests of the Force by Men of the Regular Navy. Folio magazine, 8-3/4" wide x 11-5/8" high, 36 pp. including covers; illustrated. Horizontal crease at center. PDF on file. Masthead and editorials, page 22. (Notes address as Room 203, Steneck Building, 34 Newark St. - Steneck Building at the southeast corner of River and First Streets is 95 River St. - the Newark St. address may have been another location used by the Steneck Trust Company during the First World War.) Major articles, many including photographs of ships and a few personnel, include: Vessels Lost and Damaged.

Image of Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked August 1918. - Postcard

Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked August 1918. - Postcard

Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked North Bergen, August __, 1918. 3-7/16" x 5-3/8" wide. Divided back. Image is copyright Irving Underhill as printed on front top right. Publisher on back is HHT Co. Stock no. (front top left): N.Y 52. View of this ocean liner of the Hamburg-American Line at their Pier No. 2 where it was interned in April at the start of World War I in 1914 which would be the earliest date that this postcard could have been issued. ---- The ship was confiscated in April 1917 by the U.S. Government and be converted to an Army troop transport ship, the U.S.S. Leviathan. It would continue to be based in Hoboken for U.S. Army Port of Embarkatio

Image of Ho-Hi of 1923. Yearbook of the February Class of Hoboken High School. - Yearbook

Ho-Hi of 1923. Yearbook of the February Class of Hoboken High School. - Yearbook

Yearbook: The Ho-Hi. Volume One, Nineteen Twenty-three. Published by the February Class of Nineteen Twenty-three of Hoboken High School. 8vo cloth. pp. 1-168; advertisements I-XXXVI [1-36.] Lacking spine. PDF on file. Entries for the graduating students includes their home addresses and several were not Hoboken residents. Along with agroup photo of the June class there are group photos of the six other classes: the February and June classes of the Juniors, Sophomores and Freshmen ('Freshies'.) The members of those classes are published, but are not in the name index of this record. Pages 4-8 have a photo of Joseph F. Brandt and a memoriam. He died on April 30, 1922 after less than a

Image of Letter of World War One soldier on stationery of American Red Cross, U.S. Embarkation Hospital No. 1, Hoboken, N.J., February 20, 1919. - Letter

Letter of World War One soldier on stationery of American Red Cross, U.S. Embarkation Hospital No. 1, Hoboken, N.J., February 20, 1919. - Letter

Letter of World War One soldier on stationery of American Red Cross, U.S. Embarkation Hospital No. 1, Hoboken, N.J., February 20, 1919. Single leaf, 5-1/2" x 8-1/2" high; written both sides in pencil. See notes for transcribed text. The author is only identified by his first name, August, and he returned from Europe on the troopship U.S.S. Leviathan. See notes for transcribed text. ---- The hospital name was the wartime designation of Saint Mary Hospital on Willow Avenue between Third and Fourth Streets. Hoboken served as the main Port of Embarkation for the United States Army and the hospital became an Army controlled facility for the duration. When the war ended on Nov. 11, 1918, th

Image of Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to Nov. 1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to Nov. 1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to December 1918; unposted. Photographic print with imprinted (no paper type indicated) back. No publisher indicated. Ships from left as captioned in image: Leviathan, Finland, Agamemnon, Von Steuben, Geo[rge]. Washington, M[artha]. Washington, Antigone. View looking west at the Port of Embarkation (and Debarkation) piers at Hoboken. The pier sheds have signage identifying them as U.S. Army Transport Service. The Leviathan is seen at the left with its dazzle camouflage which was only on the ship from March to December 1918.

Image of Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to Nov. 1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to Nov. 1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S. Army Transport Docks - Hoboken, N.J. No date, circa April 1918 to Nov. 1918; unposted. Photographic print with imprinted (no paper type indicated) back. 3-1/2" x 5-1/2" wide. No publisher indicated. Ships from left as captioned in image: Leviathan, Finland, Agamemnon, Von Steuben, Geo[rge]. Washington, M[artha]. Washington, Antigone. View looking west at the Port of Embarkation (and Debarkation) piers at Hoboken. The pier sheds have signage identifying them as U.S. Army Transport Service. The Leviathan is seen at the left with its dazzle camouflage which was only on the ship from March to December 1918.

Image of Postcard: U.S.S. Leviathan. [War camouflage.] Issued Hoboken. No date, circa 1917-1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S.S. Leviathan. [War camouflage.] Issued Hoboken. No date, circa 1917-1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: U.S.S. Leviathan. [War camouflage.] Issued Hoboken. No date, circa 1917-1919; unposted. Photographic print with imprinted (Azo) back; undivided back. 3-3/8" x 5-3/8" wide. Published by W.W. Schuetze, 330 River St., Hoboken, N.J. No stock number. It did operate out of Hoboken as part of Port of Embarkation troop transport activities. Location where photo was taken is not indicated.

Image of Postcard: #437 U.S. Transport Leviathan c[copyright symbol] I.P.S. from N. Mosey, N.Y. No date, circa 1918-1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: #437 U.S. Transport Leviathan c[copyright symbol] I.P.S. from N. Mosey, N.Y. No date, circa 1918-1919; unposted. - Postcard

Postcard: #437 U.S. Transport Leviathan c[copyright symbol] I.P.S. from N. Mosey, N.Y. No date, circa 1918-1919; unposted. Photographic print with imprinted (PRC) back. Undivided back. 3-1/2" x 5-7/16" wide. No publisher listed except for I.P.S. which is possibly the photo agency from which the original photograph was obtained. Aerial view of the troop transport vessel, U.S.S. Leviathan, with several tugboats and small steamers near it. Note the weathered camouflage paint.

Image of Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked February 12, 1917. - Postcard

Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked February 12, 1917. - Postcard

Postcard: S.S. Vaterland, Interned at Hoboken, N.J. Postmarked February 12, 1917. 3-7/16" x 5-3/8" wide. Divided back. Image is copyright Irving Underhill as printed on front top right. Publisher on back is HHT Co. Stock no. (front top left): N.Y 52. View of this ocean liner of the Hamburg-American Line at their Pier No. 2 where it was interned at the start of World War I in 1914 which would be the earliest date that this postcard could have been issued. ---- The ship was confiscated in April 1917 by the U.S. Government and be converted to an Army troop transport ship, the U.S.S. Leviathan. It would continue to be based in Hoboken for U.S. Army Port of Embarkation and Debarkation dut

Image of Tally ribbon: U.S.S. Leviathan. No date, circa 1917-1919. - Ribbon, Commemorative

Tally ribbon: U.S.S. Leviathan. No date, circa 1917-1919. - Ribbon, Commemorative

Tally ribbon: U.S.S. Leviathan. No date, circa 1917-1919. Partial black silk ribbon, 1-1/2" high x 12" long; dull gold embroidered lettering. (Ribbon was cut for inclusion with a framed photo - see below.) Note: this item was originally framed with a U.S.S. Leviathan photo from 1918; see photo 2012.004.0010.01 or related. The ship was part of the U.S. Army Transport Service based at the U.S. Army Port of Embarkation in Hoboken during World War I. The vessel was the former Hamburg-America Line's Vaterland that was confiscated and converted for transporting members of the American Expeditionary Forces across the Atlantic to France. The vessel only carried the U.S.S. designation from Septe

Image of Handkerchief, souvenir: Greetings, Hoboken N.J., Port of Debarkation, U.S.S. Leviathan.  - Handkerchief

Handkerchief, souvenir: Greetings, Hoboken N.J., Port of Debarkation, U.S.S. Leviathan. - Handkerchief

Souvenir handkerchief: Greetings, Hoboken N.J., Port of Debarkation, U.S.S. Leviathan. Printed silk, 10-1/8" square (originally folded to 5" x 2-3/4"). The imprinting includes a side profile depiction of the ship. The view of the ship is in its traditional hull paint format as a passenger vessel and not shown with the dazzle camouflage which it wore in this period. Text below the image: U.S.S. Leviathan World's Largest Ship 950 Feet Long 100 Feet Wide 58000 Tons See objects 2013.005.0041 for a handkerchief of U.S.S. Finland. A commemorative item presumed to be have been made for purchase as a gift for female relatives or loved ones by Army members returning from Europe on the

Image of Stereoview: 352G - 16762. At the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co. N.d., ca. 1915-1930. - Stereoview

Stereoview: 352G - 16762. At the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co. N.d., ca. 1915-1930. - Stereoview

Photo stereocard: 352G - 16762. At the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Company. Geography Unit No. 15. No date, image from circa 1915-1916; issued circa 1920-1930. Keystone View Company, Manufacturers, Publishers. Meadville Pa., New York, N.Y., Chicago, Ill., London, England. Seen is a view north - northeast from the clock tower of the Lackawanna Terminal (the foreground is the ferry concourse rooftop) of the docks of the Hamburg-American Line and North German Lloyd Line. Two ships can be identified: the first passenger vessel at Pier 1 is the S.S. President Grant with the next being the Vaterland, both of the Hamburg-American Line. The Vaterland went into service in 1914 and was int

Image of Sepia-tone photo of U.S.S. Leviathan during war service; near port. No place, no date, ca. 1917-1919. - Print, Photographic

Sepia-tone photo of U.S.S. Leviathan during war service; near port. No place, no date, ca. 1917-1919. - Print, Photographic

Sepia-tone photo of U.S.S. Leviathan during war service; near port. No place (probably New York), no date, circa September 1917-February 1918 or December 1918-October 1919. 11" high x 19" wide visible in matte (presumed to be 12" x 20" print); contemporary wood frame; not examined out of frame. Photographer: E. Muller, Jr., N.Y. Believed to be in New York harbor near Hoboken. The two possible date ranges for this image is based on the dates when the the Leviathan did NOT have its dazzle camouflage which was only on the ship from March to December 1918. Since the camouflage was painted over with the standard Navy gray in December 1918 and the hull paint does not appear fresh, this is p

Image of B+W photo of U.S.S. Leviathan approaching dock at Hoboken [Port of Debarkation] with 8,000 troops aboard. N.d., ca. 1918-1919. - Print, Photographic

B+W photo of U.S.S. Leviathan approaching dock at Hoboken [Port of Debarkation] with 8,000 troops aboard. N.d., ca. 1918-1919. - Print, Photographic

Black-and-white photo of U.S.S. Leviathan approaching dock at Hoboken [Port of Debarkation] with 8,000 troops aboard returning from Europe No date, circa 1918-1919. 8-1/2" x 11" digital print. Original photographer or source not indicated. Reverse is blank. Image is similar to but not the same as one in the Naval Archives: Entering New York Harbor in March 1919, with 8,000 troops of the 27th Division on board. Photographed by Enrique Muller, Jr., New York. Courtesy of Harold B. Feile, 1970. U.S. Navy photo NH 70166 Donor purchased from a seller who provided this information without citing a source: Formally the Vaterland, owned and operated by the Hamburg America Line, this is the W

Image of Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. No date, circa 1916-1917. - Transparency, Lantern Slide

Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. No date, circa 1916-1917. - Transparency, Lantern Slide

Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. No date, circa 1916-1917. Glass with printed labels, 3-1/4" x 4" wide. See photo 2012.001.0007 for another copy with different labeling (also has accompanying printed card with text describing the scene.) Seen is a view north - northeast probably from the clock tower of the Lackawanna Terminal (the foreground is the ferry concourse rooftop) of the docks of the Hamburg-American Line and North German Lloyd Line. Two ships can be identified: the first passenger vessel at Pier 1 is the S.S. President Grant with the next being the Vaterland, both of the Hamburg-American Line

Image of B+W photo of U.S.S. Leviathan at U.S. Army Transport Service piers, Hoboken, N.J., Aug. 9, 1919. - Print, Photographic

B+W photo of U.S.S. Leviathan at U.S. Army Transport Service piers, Hoboken, N.J., Aug. 9, 1919. - Print, Photographic

Black-and-white photo of the U.S.S. Leviathan at U.S. Army Transport Service piers, Port of Debarkation, Hoboken, N.J., August 9, 1919. 2-5/16" high x 3-3/8" wide. Photographer was C.T.G. (not identified); reverse has contemporary holographic ink caption: The Leviathan - at Hoboken, N.J., Aug. 9, 1919. Taken by C.T.G. View is northwest of the ship at pier 5. Note sign on stern: U.S. Navy Transport. Signs for U.S. Army Transport Service on the pier sheds. The Leviathan, formerly the S.S. Vaterland of the Hamburg-America Line until 1917, was the largest troop ship used in World War I. It is known to have made its last trans-Atlantic crossing as a troop transport in September 1919. De

Image of Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. N.d., ca. 1916-1917. - Transparency, Lantern Slide

Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. N.d., ca. 1916-1917. - Transparency, Lantern Slide

Lantern slide: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Keystone View Co., Factories, Meadville, Pa. No date, circa 1916-1917. Glass with printed labels, 3-1/4" x 4" wide. With: printed card of descriptive text, printed two sides; clipped, 3-1/4" x 3-1/2" high. Text is below. See photo 2009.006.0011 for another copy with differing mount label. Seen is a view north - northeast probably from the clock tower of the Lackawanna Terminal (the foreground is the ferry concourse rooftop) of the docks of the Hamburg-American Line and North German Lloyd Line. Two ships can be identified: the first passenger vessel at Pier 1 is the S.S. President Grant with the next being the V

Image of Sepia tone photo of troopship U.S.S. Leviathan on Hudson River nearing the Battery, n.d., ca. March - Dec. 1918.  - Print, Photographic

Sepia tone photo of troopship U.S.S. Leviathan on Hudson River nearing the Battery, n.d., ca. March - Dec. 1918. - Print, Photographic

Sepia-tone photo of the troopship U.S.S. Leviathan on Hudson River nearing the Battery, no date, circa March - December 1918. 6" high x 7-1/2" wide print. Photographer not indicated. Reverse has an illegible ink name; drymount tissue and remains of paper mounting tape. Note: this item was originally framed with a U.S.S. Leviathan tally ribbon; see objects 2012.004.0010.02 or related. The ship was part of the U.S. Army Transport Service based at the U.S. Army Port of Embarkation in Hoboken during World War I. The vessel was the former Hamburg-America Line's Vaterland that was confiscated and converted for transporting members of the American Expeditionary Forces across the Atlantic t

Image of Stereoview: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Showing Upper Manhattan Island & Hudson River. Keystone View Co. N.d., ca. 1916-1917. - Stereoview

Stereoview: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Showing Upper Manhattan Island & Hudson River. Keystone View Co. N.d., ca. 1916-1917. - Stereoview

Stereoview card: 52 (16762) Great Ocean Liners at the Docks, Hoboken, N.J. Showing Upper Manhattan Island and Hudson River. Keystone View Co, Manufacturers, Publishers. No date, circa 1916-1917. Keystone View Co, Manufacturers, Publishers. Meadville, Pa., New York, N.Y., Portland, Oregon, London, Eng., Sydney, Aus. 3-1/2" high x 7" wide. Printed text on reverse. Seen is a view north - northeast from the clock tower of the Lackawanna Terminal (the foreground is the ferry concourse rooftop) of the docks of the Hamburg-American Line and North German Lloyd Line. Two ships can be identified: the first passenger vessel at Pier 1 is the S.S. President Grant with the next being the Vaterlan